This article provides practical advice for long-term bodybuilding and powerlifting athletes . We have tried to collect information that allows experienced athletes to reach a new level of training. You can figure out how to get out of your training plateau . The main focus is on the most effective aspects of bodybuilding and powerlifting. This article is especially useful for athletes who have exhausted the capabilities of the basic training program and need to introduce new methods to create overload.
What is the difference between a professional and a beginner athlete?
In our understanding, a professional athlete is characterized by:
- Knowledge of the physiological aspects of bodybuilding: the biochemical process of muscle work, understanding the mechanisms of muscle tissue growth.
- Knowledge of the basics of dietetics and pharmacology
- Ability to choose sports nutrition
- Correct exercise technique
- Experience of systematic classes for more than 3 years
- Lack of effect from the basic training program
An experienced or professional athlete differs from a beginner primarily in that he owns the theory and practice of bodybuilding, this allows him to independently, without the help of a trainer, compose the most suitable training program for himself . This article will help you understand the details of the high-intensity training required to overcome muscle adaptation and training plateau.
Recommendations and rules
Super Intensive Training
The main reason for the training plateau is muscle adaptation to stress. The basic programs offer, as a rule, an average intensity of training in a continuous mode, as a result of which the muscles become accustomed to physical activity and the training is perceived as an ordinary job that does not cause the body to need muscle hypertrophy. This circumstance gives rise to the need to create an additional load (the so-called principle of shock), which will stimulate the muscles to grow.
A set of special techniques designed to create overload is allocated to a special training category – high-intensity training, and pumping exercises are also singled out separately .
Read the main article: High Intensity Training
- Do 1-2 high-intensity exercises (including pumping ) per muscle group.
- High-intensity exercises are recommended in one workout out of 3-4, otherwise you will re-adapt the muscles.
- Vary your high-intensity workouts from one workout to the next.
The principle of overload
Overload is the basis for increasing any parameter of physical fitness (strength, muscle volume, endurance, etc.). With its implementation, the muscles each time are forced to work more intensely compared to the regime to which they are accustomed. To increase muscle mass, strive to progressively increase weight. To increase local muscle endurance, reduce the rest time between sets, or increase the number of repetitions in a progressive manner. The concept of progressive overload is at the heart of all sports training and is fundamental.
Variable Intensity Training
Another powerful anti-adaptation trick is the variable intensity training method. Its essence lies in the fact that all training takes place at three levels of intensity: hard training (90% of maximum intensity), medium (70%) and light (50%). Intensity means, first of all, weights, while the number of approaches and sets, as well as the speed of the exercise, can be left unchanged. Do your workouts in the following order: light – medium – heavy – light – medium – heavy, and so on.